As part of the Copenhagen negotiations in 2009, a number of countries developed the Copenhagen Agreement. [29] The agreement stipulates that global warming should be limited to less than 2.0 degrees Celsius. [29] This could be strengthened in 2015 with the aim of limiting warming to less than 1.5 degrees Celsius. [35] The agreement does not specify the starting point for these temperature targets (for example. B compared to pre-industrial or 1990 temperatures). According to the UNFCCC, these targets are for pre-industrial temperatures. [36] There are a number of views on the extent of climate change that is dangerous. [46] Scientific analyses can provide information on the risks associated with climate change, but the choice of dangerous risks requires value judgments. [47] Following the signing of the UNFCCC Treaty, the parties to the UNFCCC met at conferences («Conferences of the Parties» -COPs) to discuss ways to achieve the treaty`s objectives. At the first Conference of the Parties (COP-1), the parties decided that the objective of the Schedule I parties to stabilize their emissions at their 1990 level by the year 2000 was «not appropriate»[13] and further discussions took place at subsequent conferences on the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. The Kyoto Protocol was concluded and legally binding commitments were made under international law to enable developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions over the 2008-2012 period. [4] At the 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference, an agreement was presented to limit global warming to less than 2oC above pre-industrial levels. [14] God has given humanity the reason and ingenuity that sets us apart from other creatures.

Uniqueness and creativity have enabled us to make remarkable progress and can help us address global climate change; But we have not always used these foundations intelligently. Past actions have produced both quality and harmful works, as well as unintended or unexpected consequences. We now face two central moral issues: Action for Climate Empowerment (ACE) is a term adopted by the UNFCCC in 2015 to have a better name for this subject than «Article 6.» It refers to Article 6 of the original text of the Convention (1992), which focuses on six priority areas: education and training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and international cooperation on these issues. Implementation of the six areas has been identified as the decisive factor for all to understand and contribute to the complex challenges posed by climate change. Ace calls on governments to develop and implement education and awareness programmes, train scientific, technical and leadership staff, promote access to information and encourage public participation in the fight against climate change and its effects. It also calls on countries to cooperate in this process by exchanging best practices and lessons learned and strengthening national institutions. This broad scope of action is based on specific objectives that, together, are seen as essential for the effective implementation of climate change and climate change measures and to achieve the final goal of the UNFCCC. [73] As men of faith, we are convinced that «the earth is the Lord`s and all that holds it» (Ps 24:1).

Our Creator has given us the gift of creation: the air we breathe, the water that sustains life, the fruits of the earth that nourishes us and the whole network of life, without which human life cannot prosper. All this God created and found «very good.» We believe that our response to global climate change should be a sign of our respect for God`s creation. The ongoing debate on how the United States responds to issues and challenges related to global climate change is a test and an opportunity for our nation and the Catholic community as a whole. As bishops, we are not scientists or policy makers. We are entering into this debate not to accept a particular treaty or for dem